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Abbreviations Used and Dates
For most of our Transcription work we have used these Abbreviations. As a rule we will transcribe all documents
"as spelt in the original" but where the spelling makes it hard to read we may also provide a translation.

Abbreviations used are:-
d daughter
s son
w wife
wid or W widow
widr or W widower
bach or B bachelor
sp or S spinster
L marriage by licence
B marriage by banns
R marriage by Registrar's certificate
otp of this parish
botp both of this parish
bo both of
wco with consent of
goody goodman/goodwife - term of endearment - helpful person
? denotes the original is unclear or seems wrong
[ ] uncertain
... illegible
--- information not given
y years
m months
w weeks
d days
h hours
* note by the transcriber to explain something
Year this is upgraded for Jan 01 - Mar 25 before 1752
Months are shortened to the first three letters
Forenames may have been expanded (if contracted) and modernised
Surnames are spelt as in the document
County Chapman County Code is used
Places some place names may be shortened e.g. Little as Lt., Great as Gt., Wellingborough as W'boro
^ addition (partial or full) from BTs
~ addition from Banns book
< under e.g. <1m (age in census of under one month)
The year end had been Lady Day, the 25th March, until 1752 when Julian Calendar went out of use in Brittain and was replaced by the Gregorian Calendar. There was a discrepancy of 11 days between the two so the day after September 3rd was set as September 14th but this caused a problem with accounting for annual dues and interest so the eleven days were added to the old year end and the financial year end became April 5th. Today this is still the date used for calculating some yearly figures, especially income tax but some changed to 31st March, losing five days, whilst others opted to make one "annual" calculation for 9 months pro rata and reset their end of year to December 31st in line with the calendar year.

Before 1752 dates for events from January to March were sometimes written, for example, March 2nd 1712/1713 indicating the March at the end of the year 1712 and this was called "Old Style". For most of our transcription work we will have upgraded the year for January to March to the "New Style".

Since 1066 some documents may be dated using the Regnal Year of the monarch of the day. "In the twentieth year of the reign of our Sovereign King George the third" would be written as 20GeoIII and this is the year between 25th October 1780 and the 24th October 1781. The list below gives the first and last years of each monarch's reign.
Regnal Years
Monarch
Reign
Monarch
Reign
William I
1066-1087
Mary
1553-1554
William II
1087-1100
Philip & Mary
1554-1558
Henry I
1100-1135
Elizabeth I
1558-1603
Stephen
1135-1154
James I
1603-1625
Henry II
1154-1189
Charles I
1625-1649
Richard I
1189-1199
Commonwealth
1649-1660
John
1199-1216
Charles II-12th
1660-1685
Henry III
1217-1272
James II
1685-1689
Edward I
1272-1307
Willm & Mary
1689-1702
Edward II
1307-1327
Anne
1702-1714
Edward III
1327-1377
George I
1714-1727
Richard II
1377-1399
George II
1727-1760
Henry IV
1399-1413
George III
1760-1820
Henry V
1413-1422
George IV
1820-1830
Henry VI
1422-1461
William IV
1830-1837
Edward IV
1461-1483
Victoria
1837-1901
Edward V
1483-1483
Edward VII
1901-1910
Richard III
1483-1485
George V
1910-1937
Henry VII
1485-1509
Edward VIII
1937-1938
Henry VIII
1509-1547
George VI
1938-1952
Edward VI
1547-1553
Elizabeth II
1952-

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